Vulcanisation is the curing of rubber and in this process the individual rubber molecules are cross-linked into a three-dimentional network, thereby giving the
rubber product all its caracteristic properties such as elasticity and abrasion resistance.
The vulcanisation involves a chemical reaction between the rubber molecules and vulcanising agents, which needs heat to start ( around 150 - 250 C ) and also pressure to assure a nice, smooth surface finish.
Vulcanisation can be made either static, in a press or an autoclave (for example VIKING™ suits) , or continously in a so called Rotocure (for example TRELLCHEM® materials).
Charles Nelson Goodyear was the one discovering the vulcanisation process of rubber in the year 1839.