Textile

Textile in different qualities are used for clothing, interior decoration, furniture upholstery, reinforcements in tyre and transportation belts and much, much more.

Textile (fabric) is made from natural or synthetic yarn (thread) joined in a network by for example weaving or knitting or by pressing fibres toghether (felt, non-woven). Knitted fabrics are elastic and often referred to as "trikot".

The yarn is made by spinning fibres to long strands. The fibres used are natural or synthetic, or a mix, giving the textile different properties.

Natural fibres

Natural fibers is derived from animals, plants or minerals.

 

Fibre Derived from Propreties
Cotton Plant Strong, durable, soft, good moisture absorbtion, wrinkles easy
Flax (Linen) Plant Strong, durable, low elasticity, good dirt and hight temperature resistance, "cool touch" 
Rayon (Viscose) Plant (wood) Soft, smooth, cool and high moisture absorbtion, very low elasticity (silk like)
Sisal Plant Tough and exteremly durable
Silk Animal Very strong, soft and smooth, low elaticity, expensive
Wool Animal Very high durability, moisture absorbtion and insulation, flame and dirt resistant, light weight
Asbestos Mineral  Fire, heat and chemical resistant, cheap - causes lung cancer
Glass fibre Mineral  Extremely strong, lightweight, brittle

 

Synthetic fibres

Synthetic fibres are all derived from petroleum.

 

Fibre Properties
Polyamide (Nylon) Strong, durable, high elongation, soft, light weight, melts instead of burning
Polyester Strong, soft, low wrinkling
Polyaramide (Kevlar, Nomex, Kermel) Strong, brittle, heat and flame resistant, poor UV and acid resistance
Acryl Soft, insulating, light weight, good weather resistance (wool like)
Polyurethane (Spandex, Elastane) Soft, strong, durable, light weight and extremely elastic
Carbon fibre Strong and light weight
  • Last updated 3/8/2012
  • Print
  • Email page

    Email page to a friend.

    Your email was sent!

Find your reseller

Select region and country to find your local reseller.

Find Seller

Translate