Industrial Chemicals

These represent a vast range of compounds with very different properties ranging from harmless to lethal.

Chemicals are used in industry for among others in chemical synthesis, cleaning, cooling and surface treatment. Also, they are transported on the roads, at sea and
in air. All in all, chemicals propose a risk for people and environment in case of an accident with spillage.

aggregation states

There are many different ways of classifying chemicals. One way is to look at which form the chemical has at normal temperature and pressure:

  • gases
  • liquids
  • solids

Organic - inorganic

Chemicals that are only constructed from carbon and hydrogen atoms are referred to as "Organic", whereas chemicals that also include metal atoms (sodium, iron, aluminum), halogen atoms (chlorine, fluorine), sulphur or silica are referred to as "Inorganic".

Chemical classes

Another way to divide chemicals is to look at their different properties, which for example make them react differently in contact with for example water, high temperatures and pressure.


Class Example
Acid Sulphuric acid, Acetic acid
Base / Alkali Sodium hydroxide, Ammonia
Alcohol Ethanol, Isopropanol
Aldehyde Formaldehyde
Amine Diethylamine
Amide Dimethylformamide
Alifatic hydrocarbon/paraffin Methane, Heptane
Aromatic hydrocarbon Toluene, Benzene
Chlorinated hyrocarbon/paraffin/olefin Chloroform, Tetrachlorethylene
Ether Etylether, Tetrahydrofuran (THF)
Ester Ethyl acetate
Ketone Methylethylketon (MEK)
Nitrile compound Acetonitrile
  • Last updated 2/20/2020
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