Textile in different qualities are used for clothing, interior decoration, furniture upholstery, reinforcements in tyres and transportation belts and much, much more.

Textile (fabric) is made from natural or synthetic yarn (thread) joined in a network by for example weaving or knitting or by pressing fibres together
(felt, non-woven). Knitted fabrics are elastic and often referred to as "trikot".

The yarn is made by spinning fibres to long strands. The fibres used are natural or synthetic, or a mix, giving the textile different properties.

Natural fibres

Natural fibres are derived from animals, plants or minerals.


Fibre Derived from Propreties
Cotton Plant Strong, durable, soft, good moisture absorbtion, wrinkles easily
Flax (Linen) Plant Strong, durable, low elasticity, good dirt and high temperature resistance, "cool touch" 
Rayon (Viscose) Plant (wood) Soft, smooth, cool and high moisture absorbtion, very low elasticity (silk like)
Sisal Plant Tough and extremely durable
Silk Animal Very strong, soft and smooth, low elasticity, expensive
Wool Animal Very high durability, moisture absorbtion and insulation, flame and dirt resistant, light-weight
Asbestos Mineral  Fire, heat and chemical resistant, cheap - causes lung cancer
Glass fibre Mineral  Extremely strong, light-weight, brittle


Synthetic fibres

Synthetic fibres are all derived from petroleum.


Fibre Properties
Polyamide (Nylon) Strong, durable, high elongation, soft, light-weight, melts instead of burning
Polyester Strong, soft, low wrinkling
Polyaramide (Kevlar, Nomex, Kermel) Strong, brittle, heat and flame resistant, poor UV and acid resistance
Acryl Soft, insulating, light-weight, good weather resistance (wool like)
Polyurethane (Spandex, Elastane) Soft, strong, durable, light-weight and extremely elastic
Carbon fibre Strong and light-weight
  • Last updated 2/20/2020
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